Posts Tagged ‘Herniated’

postheadericon Leg pain, Herniated disc, and chiropractic

Article by David Nahali, DC

Orlando, Fl…Pain going down your leg secondary to a herniated disc is a common and often disabling occurrence. A disc in your spine is composed of 2 simple elements, the inner nucleus pulposis that is a jellylike in composition and the outer annulus fibrosis that is fibro-cartilaginous and very strong. When a individual feels trauma and the forces are directed at the spine and disc, it increases the pressure on the inside of the disc (like stepping on a balloon) and the inner nucleus pulposis puts pressure, from the inside out and tears the outer annulus fibrosis causing the inner material to go outside the outer boundaries of the disc. This has often been misnamed a “Slipped Disc” Since the disc doesn’T slip or slide, it is torn from the trauma allowing the internal material to leak.Conversely, a bulging disc, which gets confused with a herniated disc, is a degenerative,Wear and tear scenario. That occurs over time with the annulus fibrosis degenerating. This can also be a Risk factor. Allowing the disc to herniate with fewer trauma due to the degeneration or thinning of the disc walls. This however, is a conversation for a further topicLife span prevalence of a herniated disc has been estimated to be 35% in men and 45% in woman and it has been estimated that 90% of all leg pain secondary to herniated discs happens at either L4-5 or the L5-S1 levels. It has also been reported that average duration of symptoms is 55.9 weeks underscoring the critical requisite for finding a viable solution for these patients.[1]Although many of these are surgical candidates, it has been estimated that only 2-4% have actual surgical indications.[2]Therefore, nearly all patients need to be treated non-surgically and until recently, there have been a small amount of metrics affording guidance to the healthcare profession and public alike directing them to the appropriate care. In a 2009 study report, ending a 2 year study, a clear direction is now presented for patients that suffer with radiating pain from herniated discs.The effects of the study illustrate that as a result of non surgical spinal decompressin [url=http://www.Orlandospinalaid.Com] and chiropractic care, ?Clinically significant progress in pain magnitude was seen in 73.9% of patients and overall in 80% of the patients, they self-described their results as either good or excellent.[3]Chiropractic and non-surgical spinal decompression therapy protocols were utilized 2-3 times per week tapering down to 2 times per week and less until the patients were released from care.The reports go on to state that there were no chief complications with any patient.The results of the study referenced above also recommend that patients with cervical radiculopathy (neck pain radiating in to the arms,) lumbar spinal stenosis, pregnancy correlated lumbo-pelvic pain and chronic occupation related neck-arm pain may also benefit from non-surgical such as chiropractic care.This study without a doubt shows that chiropractic is not only an alternative for disc associated radiating pain, but would be the most sensible place to start care with 80% of the patients getting well and not being exposed to drugs, their side effects or the added burden to the healthcare system with more costly treatments. The balance of the patients who would need necessary drugs or more complicated intervention is referred to the appropriate specialist as is the standard of care within chiropractic.This study along with many others resolves that a drug-free approach of chiropractic care is one of the best answers for disc and radiating pain.

[1]Donald Murphy DC, Eric Hurwitz DC, PhD, Erika McGovern DC, A Nonsurgical Approach to the Management of Patients with Lumbar Radiculopathy Secondary to Herniated Disk: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study with Follow Up, Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 32, Number 9, 723-733, 2009[2]IBID[3]IBIDOrlando Spinal Aid CenterDavid Nahali, EE, DC11325 Lake Underhill RdSuite.101Orlando, Fl 32825

About the Author

Daivd Nahali, EE, DCChiropractic physicianOrlando, FL

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postheadericon Do You Have A Herniated Disc In Your Back?

spinal stenosis

Article by Dr. Ara Deukmedjian

In most cases, people with back pains, leg pains or weakness in lower extremity muscles are commonly diagnosed with herniated discs. Herniated disc occurs when the cushion between vertebral get pushed outside its normal resting position. At times this condition goes unnoticed unless it starts to cause pain. The pain is most commonly caused when the herniated discs cause pressure on the nerve roots. This can either lead to intense pain or numbness.

Basically, the herniated disc occurs when the spinal discs become less elastic. This in the process leads to its rupturing after pushing outside its boundaries. The condition causes pain when the bulging of the discs pinches the nerves. If the bulging is more intense, it will lead to compression which can be more painful hence requiring medical attention to decompress them.

Causes A herniated disc can be caused by a number of reasons. The most common cause of the herniated discs is the occurrence of an accident. This does not necessarily have to be severe but also a fall can lead to the condition. Another common cause of this spinal condition is straining. This occurs especially after doing regular chores which leads to spinal strains for example weight lifting. Age too can cause the herniated disc problems.

However, in most cases, people who experience this condition already had spinal stenosis. This is a condition which leads to the narrowing of the distance between the spinal cord and the spinal nerves. When the herniated discs occur, this leads to the further narrowing of the space. This in the process leads to irritation of the nerves due to the pressure which is applied on them by the bulging spinal discs.

Symptoms Do you have a herniated disc in your back?With the problem being fatal with severity, most people often ask this question. This is because at times, with so many diseases today, people find it hard to understand the symptoms. Here are a few symptoms related to this condition.

1. Electric shock pain This is the most common symptom of the herniated discs. It is caused by pressure applied to the nerve by the herniated discs. This leads to abnormal sensations which are experienced as electric shock pains. When the compression is in the cervical area (neck), the shock sensations are experienced in the arms. When in the lumbar area, the shocks are experienced in the legs.

2. Numbness and tingling Patients with this condition experience tingling (like pins and needles) in the arms or legs depending on the area of the compression; cervical or lumbar. Numbness can also be experienced in the same areas. This is also due to the pressure on the nerves.

3. Muscle weaknessDue to the compression which leads to pressure on the nerve roots, signals sent from body parts to the brain can be interrupted. This leads to the feeling of weak muscles due to poor coordination. Examination of reflexes is an effective method to test for nerve irritation.

4. Bladder or bowel problems This is a common outcome of cauda equine syndrome; a condition which is caused by herniated discs. If you are experiencing problems urinating, bowel movement problems or numbness around the genitals, one should seek immediate medical attention. It is an emergency.

Conclusion Most of the herniated disc symptoms are caused by nerve obstruction. Immediate medical attention should therefore be sort before the problem gets severe. A physician can help establish this condition or taking an MRI

About the Author

Deuk Spine Institute employs a comprehensive continuum of care approach and a world class team of physicians, each the best in their field. Our success lies in our commitment to a Patient First attitude providing you with the highest quality medical care especially with the Herniated disc . For more info, visit http://www.deukspine.com.

postheadericon Herniated Disc Treatment

spinal stenosis

Article by Jason Wilson

What is the spinal disc?The spinal disc is a soft cushion that sits between each vertebrae of the spine. This spinal disc becomes more rigid with age. In a young individual, the disc is soft and elastic, but like so many other structures in the body, the disc gradually loses its elasticity and is more vulnerable to injury. In fact, even in individuals as young as 30, MRIs show evidence of disc deterioration in about thirty percent of people.

What happens with a herniated disc?As the spinal disc becomes less elastic, it can rupture. When the disc ruptures, a portion of the spinal disc pushes outside its normal boundary–this is called a herniated disc. When a herniated disc bulges out from between the vertebrae, the spinal nerves and spinal cord can become pinched. There is normally a little extra space around the spinal cord and spinal nerves, but if enough of the herniated disc is pushed out of place, then these structures may be compressed.

What causes symptoms of a herniated disc?When the disc ruptures and pushes out, the nerves may become pinched. A herniated disc may occur suddenly in an event such as a fall or an accident, or may occur gradually with repetitive straining of the spine. Often people who experience a herniated disc already have spinal stenosis, a problem that causes narrowing of the space around the spinal cord and spinal nerves. When a herniated disc occurs, the space for the nerves is further diminished, and irritation of the nerve results.

What are the symptoms?When the spinal cord or spinal nerves become compressed, they don’t work properly. This means that abnormal signals may get passed from the compressed nerves, or signals may not get passed at all. Common symptoms include:

? Electric Shock PainPressure on the nerve can cause abnormal sensations, commonly experienced as electric shock pains. When the compression occurs in the cervical (neck) region, the shocks go down your arms, when the compression is in the lumbar (low back) region, the shocks go down your legs.

? Tingling & NumbnessPatients often have abnormal sensations such as tingling, numbness, or pins and needles. These symptoms may be experienced in the same region as painful electric shock sensations.? Muscle WeaknessBecause of the nerve irritation, signals from the brain may be interrupted causing muscle weakness. Nerve irritation can also be tested by examining reflexes.

? Bowel or Bladder ProblemsThese symptoms are important because it may be a sign of cauda equina syndrome, a possible condition resulting from a herniated disc. This is a medical emergency, and your should see your doctor immediately if you have problems urinating, having bowel movements, or if you have numbness around your genitals.

All of these symptoms are due to the irritation of the nerve from the herniated disc. By interfering with the pathway by which signals are sent from your brain out to your extremities and back to the brain, all of these symptoms can be caused by a herniated disc pressing against the nerves.

Please Read more @ http://Herniated-Disc-Treatment.org/

About the Author

Hi all I had C5 C6 fused together June of 2009. You may learn more about me and Back pain @ herniated-disc-treatment.org

postheadericon Spinal Decompression Treatment as a Non-Surgical Solution to Herniated Disc

Article by Ron Spallone

A herniated disc is a serious condition that can often respond favorably to spinal decompression If typical rehabilitation, physical therapy, and other measures such as chiropractic adjustments and cortisone injections have not worked, spinal decompression therapy can be an effective non-surgical solution to conditions such as sciatica, or in some cases, spinal stenosis. If the back pain symptoms worsen they lead to pain, debilitation, and even spinal surgery. When a disc becomes ruptured, herniated or bulged (also called a ‘slipped disc’), it can cause pain in the low back. This can lead to leg pain (sciatica), low back and hip pain, and trouble with simple tasks like walking or being able to work. There are spinal exercises or back stretches you can perform for relief, but likely may be limited in effectiveness, especially if the case is severe. Back pain is very hard to ‘tough out’; it can debilitate most anyone if not treated appropriately. Herniated discs can be caused by a serious back injury, but can also be the result of aging or repetitive stress or poor posture. Spinal decompression treatment can oppose the compressive forces which may have led to the disc injury to begin with. Whether you want to get back to biking along the Cherry Creek Bike Path, playing football at Mullen High School, or hiking at Chatfield Reservoir, spinal decompression treatment has helped hundreds of Denver Metro residents avoid surgery and get back to their active lifestyles. A common ‘conventional’ treatment to obtain back pain relief that comes from a herniated disc is back surgery, which can cost a significant amount of both time and money and lead to months of rehabilitation, missed work and disability. For anyone who suffers from a herniated disc, there is a holistic, alternative medicine approach to treatment: spinal decompression treatment. Spinal decompression is a safe and FDA- cleared solution that gently pulls the vertebrae of the spine apart in an attempt to lessen the compressive, destructive forces that damage a disc. In addition to treatment for herniated disk (herniated disc) and bulging disc, it is also has the potential to be used as a sciatica treatment to attempt to cure sciatica.Spinal decompression treatment is usually offered by chiropractors, some of which are spine specialists trained specifically in the science of spinal decompression treatment. Instead of risky and invasive procedures to attempt to treat herniated discs or bulging discs and the pain that comes with them, they are using technology like spinal decompression. People often mistake spinal decompression with an inversion table, but there are different kinds of herniated disc treatments. Chronic neck pain and cervical discs can also be treated with the DRX9000 decompression table, which is a treatment that takes about 45 minutes and is performed without anesthesia or invasive surgery. Most patients experience a serious reduction in pain after a few visits. While each case is different, most patients undergo 15-25 treatments over 4-8 weeks. The treatment is administered in the practitioner’s office and does not require any of difficult and intense recovery associated with traditional surgery.

About the Author

Evocare Center for Physical Health, 3500 South Wadsworth Boulevard, Suite 302, Lakewood, CO, 80235-2054. Dr. Ron Spallone

postheadericon Herniated cervical disc

canal stenosis

Article by Dr. Shlomo Davidovich

Herniated cervical disc may occur as a result of injury or sudden movement or as a result of osteoarthritis (a longer process that gradually caused.) Degenerative changes are clearly expressed in the disc fluid loss. If the disk breaks down the spinal cord or spinal nerve root, the patient will feel severe neurological signs. Most burglaries occur at the disc in the neck vertebrae c5-c6, c6-c7. Many times we have a relatively moderate pressure continued for a long time and runs a lot of pressure on the outside of the disk. But this did not end the problems. There are further complications such as aging disc erosion. Sometimes there is growth of bony structures (also called Austiaupeteym) on Ganp cell or cell openings located on the sides, through which the nerve Ahsedrateime out. In this situation there is a high chance of neural projection arms, shoulder, or other areas designed by spinal nerve coming from the same squad.What are the signs of possible herniated disc neck:• ongoing chronic pain in the neck.• Pain is felt in one hand or Abstim and ongoing pain in my hands. Circumcised, tingling and numbness hands• feeling of weakness in the upper body that can speak with difficulty raising his hand and difficulty in grip of things together.Diagnosis:Herniated disc can be diagnosed by Physical examination patient interviews and photographs MRI. Technical data for understanding the number of endoscopic procedure;It’s minimally invasive and allows a wider field of surgery. Endoscopic method is suitable for app. 90% of degenerative conditions (canal stenosis or herniated disc). Except for very rare situations involving clinical instability of the spine, most herniated disc, no matter their size, are eligible for surgery.

by- Dr. Davidovich heads the Minimally Invasive Neuroendoscopy service located at the renown, US accredited, Rabin Medical Center in Israel, known for its world class medical treatment facilities.

About the Author

http://www.davidovich.co.il/content.php?id=4

postheadericon Varieties of Herniated Discs

canal stenosis

Article by Sensei Adam Rostocki

There are many varieties of herniated discs possible in the human spine and patients love to declare their diagnosis without even understanding what it means. I am bombarded daily by readers who go to great lengths to detail the specific variety of disc concern which has been blamed for causing them so much pain, but I find that virtually none of these patients really understand the difference between the many types of disc protrusions which are possible. It is for this reason that I advise all patients to spend some time educating themselves as to the exact nature of their diagnosed spinal abnormality in order to better their participation in treatment and increase their chances for better therapy results.

There are many terms used to diagnose disc pathologies, with some being used interchangeably by care providers and others being used to differentiate specific types of bulges and herniations. Some of the more common terminologies include: herniated disc, herniated disk, disc herniation, bulging disc, disc bulge, disc protrusion, ruptured disc, extruded disc, sequestered disc, slipped disc, collapsed disc, disc prolapse and prolapsed disc, among others. These simply identify a herniated disc condition in one form or another, but this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to diagnostic terminology!

In addition to any of the above terms, certain other names may be applied to a herniated disc, signifying how or where it is abnormally affected. The first set of names which may be applied include anterior and posterior herniations. Anterior bulges are rare and are almost never considered symptomatic. Posterior herniations face into the spinal nerve structures and are therefore blamed for sourcing the majority of back pain concerns, even when no evidence of actual structural impingement or compression is noted.

Posterior herniations are further broken down into many subcategories, which detail more specifically how and where the bulge occurs. Diffuse herniated discs occur over a large portion of the disc structure. Broad based herniations account for bulges consisting of 25% to 50% of the total disc size, while focal disc protrusions involve less than 25% of the overall disc structure. All of these can occur in any of the following varieties:

Central herniated discs, are also known as median herniations, and have a tendency to bulge directly in the midline of the disc, facing directly into the middle of the thecal sac and possibly impinging upon or compressing the spinal cord or cauda equina, depending on the affected level.

Posterolateral herniated discs, also known as paramedian herniations, are the most common variety of posterior disc issue and bulge off center and into the lateral recess on one side of the central spinal canal or the other. In some cases, these bulges can enact asymmetrical central canal stenosis or may enter into the neuroforaminal space, possibly causing a pinched nerve root syndrome.

Foraminal herniated disc is the term used for a one sided herniation which also does indeed block the neuroforaminal space or even protrudes through it. These discs have the best chance of enacting nerve compression due to pressure on the nerve root as it attempts to exit the vertebral foramen.

Far lateral herniated discs, also called extraforaminal herniations, exist outside the spinal canal and may be difficult to accurately image and diagnose. Unlike most posterolateral and foraminal herniations which affect the nerve root at the same level as the disc condition, far lateral bulges may affect the nerve root above the herniation, making positive symptomatic correlation that much more difficult.

Luckily, research clearly demonstrates that the vast majority of disc herniations and bulges are not problematic and do not cause chronic back pain. For disc issues which are definitively sources of symptoms, most will respond well to appropriate treatment. If your disc issues have not resolved despite numerous therapy attempts, it may be wise to consider the very viable possibility that these structural findings are coincidental to the pain and therefore will never respond well to targeted treatment… For more information on any of these disc diagnoses, please visit the Cure Back Pain Network website detailed in the author resource section.

About the Author

Sensei Adam Rostocki suffered with intractable lower back pain for 18 years. Sensei Rostocki is the author of the acclaimed dorsopathy book, “Cure Back Pain Forever” (ISBN 1-59971-997-5). A variety of disc conditions are explained in his article titled What is a herniated disc?.

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postheadericon What Are the Best Back Braces & Supports for a Herniated Disc?

spinal stenosis

Article by J Pal

A herniated disc, what is it? A spinal disc usually stays between the vertebrae. When it ruptures (known as a spinal disc rupture), some of the disc will move outside it’s normal boundaries. This is known as disc herniation.

When a spinal disc pushes out from between the vertebrae it is considered to be a herniated disc. If you have this condition, you may feel pain in your back or legs. You may also have some muscle weakness. A disc that is pushed out from between the vertebrae often pinch spinal nerves or the spinal cord.

The pinched nerves are what causes the pain from the condition. You may have it if you feel electric shock pains either in your arms or legs. You may also feel numbness and tingling. This may also be felt in either the arms or the legs. The muscle weakness you may feel is the result of irritated nerves.

What causes a herniated disc? It can occur from a sudden event such as an accident or fall. It can occur over time from prolonged strain on your spine. It can stem from condition called spinal stenosis.

When the spinal canal narrows and the nerves and spinal cord become compressed, it is known as spinal stenosis. When there is less space for the nerves and they get compressed, they become irritated which leads to back pain.

How can you relieve herniated disc pain? Using a brace or support can help you reduce some of the pain you feel from it. Back braces for disc herniation can both compress and reinforce your back.

This means that these braces help relieve back pain and help you have better posture. Back braces for disc herniation can help improve your quality of life. There are several types of back braces for disc herniation from which you can choose. Some of the best include: the Ossur FormFit Advanced Back Brace, the ProCare 10″ Criss-Cross Support, and the Mueller Back Brace.

The Mueller Brace is made specifically to help with pain from disc conditions such as this. The Ossur FormFit and the ProCare both help with pain from degenerative spine conditions as well. The Mueller Brace costs .95, the Ossur FormFit costs .95, and the ProCare costs .95.

Based on the back pain you have and your own personal needs, you can determine which brace will be right for you. When you have back pain, back braces for disc herniation can help.

The above prices have been referenced from Braceshop.com.

About the Author

Want to find out more about Back braces for Disc Herniation?, then visit WhichBrace.com to find the right brace for your injury, condition, activity or sport.

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postheadericon Far Lateral Herniated Discs

spinal stenosis

Article by Sensei Adam Rostocki

Far lateral herniated discs present unique diagnostic problems for doctors and patients alike, since many go unnoticed as the actual source of pain. Far lateral herniations exist outside the spinal canal and are therefore not often concentrated upon during diagnostic testing, such as MRI scanning. In many cases, the effects of the far lateral protrusion are not seen on the imaged locations, often contributing to a misdiagnosed herniated disc condition.

Far lateral herniations are also called lateral herniated discs, but this can get confusing, due to another type of disc protrusion known as a posterolateral herniated disc. Another common name for a far lateral protrusion is extraforaminal herniated disc, since the herniation exists outside the neuroforaminal opening. This nomenclature can get very complicated and confusing for a layman, so it is vital that every patient performs diligent research needed to thoroughly understand their diagnostic conclusion.

Most herniated discs can cause pain through either central spinal stenosis or neuroforaminal stenosis. The later topic is what I will focus on in this article relating to far lateral herniated discs. Foraminal stenosis is described as a narrowing of the opening through which the spinal nerve roots must pass as they exit the spinal canal. Usually, when a herniated disc encroaches upon the foraminal space, it has the potential to affect the nerve exiting at the same level as the affected disc. Therefore, a typical posterolateral or paramedial herniated disc located at L4/L5 would possibly affect the L5 nerve root as it tries to pass through the foraminal opening. In the case of a far lateral herniation, the bulging portion of the disc exists on the other side of the foraminal space, and can possibly impinge upon or compress the nerve root above the affected level. Once again, in a herniation located at L4/L5, this would mean effects would be possible on the L4 nerve root, instead of the L5.

Since clinical symptomatic correlation is crucial to diagnosing pain due to herniated discs, the far lateral disc bulge can present some challenges. Usually, as noted above, the nerve would be the same level as the herniation in the vast majority of patients. If symptoms do not correlate by location, then a diagnostic enigma might exist. The herniation has been clearly seen, but symptoms do not match the clinical expectation. When it comes to far lateral herniations, this is the case, almost every time… When I see this clinical profile exist, I always consider the chance that the herniation may be far lateral in nature, and would usually recommend that it be studied from enough angles to get a good read on this possibility.

It must be noted that most herniations, far lateral or not, do not cause any pain or related neurological symptoms. In short, herniated discs are the most common of all back pain scapegoats. However, there are certainly herniations which can and do cause pain and even serious health emergencies, such as cauda equina syndrome.

In closing, I have a recommendation to neurologists and orthopedists who are dealing with disc pain sufferers… Always consider that when a patient has a clearly defined and correct symptomology for a particular compressive neuropathy condition and demonstrates a sizeable herniation at the level below, but no structural explanation at the same level, the possibility for far lateral causation may exist. In these cases, be sure to visualize the herniation from the angles needed to determine if it is indeed creating extraforaminal nerve compression. This is a major step in minimizing the chances for misdiagnosing your patients…

About the Author

Sensei Adam Rostocki is a noted patient advocate and a prolific author on the subject of back pain. He details far lateral herniated discs, and many other related dorsopathy topics on his comprehensive website Herniated-Disc-Pain.Org.

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postheadericon herniated disc treatment

spinal stenosis

Article by Marchse

Medical science is always on the lookout for new and improved methods of treatment to provide complete relief to patients suffering from pain or a particular condition. One prominent new back and neck pain treatment option is endoscopic laser spine surgery – a convenient, low-cost alternative to traditional open spine surgery.Endoscopic laser spine surgery is an effective treatment for a wide variety of spine conditions such as sciatica back pain and spinal stenosis. Spinal stenosis treatment often entails surgery to remove the bone spur or portion of the disc that is causing pain by compressing the nerve in the vertebral forum/spinal canal. Spinal Fusion Surgery is a drastic back surgery procedure in which two or more vertebrae are joined together (fused), so that no individual movement occurs in the operated vertebral levels. The idea of the surgery is to permanently connect the vertebrae to each other. This creates a solid piece of bone, rather than a joint that allows movement.To best understand your surgery, it is important to know about your spine. The spinal column surrounds and protects your spinal cord. Your spinal column is made up of 24 vertebrae (bones), plus the sacrum and the tailbone (coccyx). Each vertebra is separated by shock-absorbing discs. These discs give your spine flexibility to move and bend. Nerves branch out from your spinal cord and pass through openings in these vertebrae to other parts of your body. What is Cervical Spine Surgery?The goal of cervical spine surgery is to relieve pain, numbness, tingling and weakness, restore nerve function and stop or prevent abnormal motion in the spine. Your surgeon does this by removing a disc or a bone and fusing the vertebrae together with a bone graft either in front of or behind the spine. The bone graft may be one of two types: an autograft (bone taken from your body) or an allograft (bone from a bone bank). Sometimes metal plates, screws or wires are also used to further stabilize the spine. These techniques are called instrumentation. When the vertebrae have been surgically stabilized, abnormal motion is stopped and function is restored to the spinal nerves.For decades, spine surgeons have used large incisions to treat spinal conditions. Large and invasive incisions necessitate patients be hospitalized and includes extensive rehabilitation and a lengthy and painful recuperation. Since the early 1970s, the arthroscope has been utilized to operate on knees and shoulders.Patient BenefitsThis type of minimally invasive surgery is performed on an outpatient basis using a local anesthetic. Since general anesthesia is not used, surgical risks are less. Endoscopic surgery and use of endoscopic tubes minimizes muscle and other soft tissue damage. Patient benefits include less bleeding during surgery, reduced postoperative discomfort, fewer and smaller incisions, minimal scar tissue formation, and a speedier recovery. In addition, patients can avoid hospitalization and spinal fusion.Endoscopic Spine Procedures: A foraminotomy is a medical procedure that relieves the pressure of compressed nerves in the intervertebral foramen. The intervertebral foramen is the natural opening or the hollow passage in the vertebra that allows for nerve roots to exit from the spinal cord or the spinal canal to various targeted areas of our body. Causes of nerve root compression may be bone, disc or scar tissue in the foramen causing a pinched nerve. This procedure is done by enlarging the hollow passage at the exit point of the nerve roots.

herniated disc treatment

About the Author

for further information please contact http://www.marknelsonmd.com

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postheadericon The Common Symptoms or a Herniated Disc

Article by Pundari Kumar

What is the cause of herniated discs’ symptoms?Your nerves will become pinched as pressure from a herniated disc or ruptured disc as it pushes out and into nerves or the spinal cord. A fall or traumatic accident may be the cause of a herniated disc or it may be that it occurred over time with repetitive strain being placed on your spine. People who are experiencing the pain of a herniated disc often already suffer from a condition called spinal stenosis. Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the area around the spinal cord and the spinal nerves. With people suffering from spinal stenosis the space that is allotted for the spinal nerves and spinal cord is further limited by a herniated disc.A herniated disc can have some of the following painful symptoms:The spinal cord or the nerves will not work properly when they become compressed. When the nerves are compressed abnormal signals or even no signals at all will be communicated. Electric shock type pain: Abnormal sensations often described as electric shock type pains can be the result of pressure on spinal nerves or the spinal cord itself. If the compression is in the cervical section of your spine the shocking sensation will be felt down your arms. When this pressure located in your lumbar back the shock will be felt down your legs.Numbness and tingling sensations: A tingling or numbness sensation, often referred to as “pins and needles” in a body extremity or a part of the body “falling asleep” is often an indication that there is a form of herniated disc or ruptured disc affecting the patient. Depending on the location of the disc problem it will occur in the legs or the arms.Muscle weakness: If there is nerve irritation, the signals being sent from the brain may be interrupted causing the muscle weakness symptom. Examining patient’s reflexes will often help to test for nerve irritation.Problems affecting normal bowel or bladder functions: A serious symptom of a herniated disc or ruptured disc is problems with the function of the bladder or bowel and this should be examined and treated immediately. These symptoms are a warning sign for cauda equine syndrome which is a medical emergency. If you are having problems urinating, having bowel movements or if you are experiencing a numbness sensation around your genitals you should seek professional help from your doctor immediately.The pressure from a herniated disc causes the irritation of the nerve or spinal cord. All these symptoms are from signals that are being sent to and from the brain being interrupted by the interference that the herniated disc is causing in the neurological pathway.

The symptoms of a herniated disc can either be gradual in the onset or sudden from a traumatic stress or strain applied to your back.Your health care physician will use a physical examination to test your sensation, reflexes and muscle strength when diagnosing a herniated disc or bulging disc. Along with this examination diagnosing a herniated disc will often require at least one of the following tests:* CT scan (Computed tomography)* MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) * x-rays * electromyography * discography* myelography

Are you interested in Laser Back Surgery? Do you need more information about herniated discs.

About the Author

Are you interested in Laser Back Surgery? Do you need more information about herniated discs.

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